• Following George Zimmerman's bond hearing, the news media interviewed the accused murderer's lawyer, Mark O'Mara. (Photo: Werthmedia.)

    By M.C. Moewe
    Florida Center for Investigative Reporting

    The Florida judge who said George Zimmerman’s domestic violence injunction was “somewhat mild” when he ordered a $150,000 bond for the accused murderer of Trayvon Martin holds a controversial opinion on domestic violence.


    FCIR’s coverage of the Trayvon Martin case.

    Judge Kenneth R. Lester Jr.

    While hearing a case five months ago, Judge Kenneth R. Lester said he believes domestic violence cases can be categorized — with one type more serious than the other. His view, which domestic violence experts describe as misinformed, may offer some explanation for his ordering for Zimmerman of what some court observers thought was a low bond amount for a second-degree murder charge.

    “There’s different types of domestic violence,” Judge Lester said during a Nov. 18, 2011, hearing. “There’s domestic violence where somebody is on a routine basis hitting somebody or abusing somebody and there’s domestic violence when I say they reach a breaking point or snapping point or a boiling point. It appears to be the second type here where somebody’s reached a snapping point or a breaking point.”

    Listen to Judge Kenneth R. Lester Jr. express his opinion on domestic violence during a Nov. 18, 2011, hearing:

    At the time, Lester was hearing a child dependency case, in which the state files charges against a parent for neglect. The mother in the case suffered bruises from an attack by her husband — a one-time occurrence, according to court records.

    “We can categorize (domestic violence) into where somebody is beating somebody, somebody is physically abusive, slapping, choking, strangulation, things of that sort,” Judge Lester continued. “Or, as in this type, it was the pushing, the removing of a person from a particular location which is secondary or not as bad as the other.”

    Zimmerman, 26, shot and killed the unarmed Martin, 17, on the night of Feb. 26 after calling 911 to report “a real suspicious guy” who “looks like he’s up to no good” in his Sanford neighborhood.

    After the Florida Center for Investigative Reporting e-mailed him a portion of the Nov. 18, 2011, hearing transcripts, Judge Lester explained his comments during an interview Monday.

    “It boils down to both of the situations are domestic violence,” Judge Lester said. “It’s still domestic violence, but it is not what I call a chronic type. The situation I am talking about is when they act out of character that one time.”

    George Zimmerman

    During Zimmerman’s bond hearing on April 20, prosecutors brought up a 2005 domestic violence incident in which Zimmerman and a woman filed injunctions against the other, each claiming to be the victim. The woman said Zimmerman pushed her and then smacked her in the mouth with his open hand and asked her how it felt.

    “The injunction was somewhat mild compared to the injunctions that I’m familiar with,” Lester said during Zimmerman’s hearing.

    After reviewing Lester’s comments, Rita Smith, executive director of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, questioned whether the judge has an adequate understanding of domestic violence.

    “While Judge Lester’s comments indicate he thinks he understands domestic violence, from my experience working with victims since 1981, he is not well-informed,” Smith said. “The amount or frequency of physical violence an abuser uses against his victim will not give a good indication of the level of danger the family is in. There have been many cases when the first use of physical violence was the lethal action of killing his victim.”

    In the interview, Judge Lester agreed that the first violent act can be deadly. “They may be correct, but nobody can predict that necessarily,” he said. “But when you hear hoof beats, you think horses, not zebras. You can’t always take the extreme situation for every situation. You can’t see things lurking in the shadow on every case.”

    The domestic violence incident in the Zimmerman case could come again before the judge, said John Contini, a South Florida criminal defense lawyer. The prosecution will likely try to persuade Judge Lester that the domestic incident and an altercation with a law enforcement officer demonstrate a pattern of violence for Zimmerman.

    “Past criminal conduct is not admissible as a general rule, but if you can show the conduct is similar enough in nature, then it all comes in,” Contini said.

    For his part, Contini also questions Judge Lester’s view of domestic violence.

    “You’d be right, I think, if you understood the judge’s comments to seemingly minimize some types of domestic violence, straining to differentiate those cases from the more horrific cases of strangulation, beatings, etc.,” Contini said. “Whether you push, strike, slap, punch or strangle, you’re doing violence to another human being. The victim is being bullied by the perpetrator, and are we to now quibble about the degree to which the victim is victimized?”

    Added Contini: “The brutal truth is, these crimes are by definition and reality essentially either black or white. There are no shades of gray.”



  • 4 Responses

    1. Dan Fontana

      To claim that there are no shades of grey in domestic violence is idiotic and hurts victims of serious, ongoing, or terroristic domestic violence.

      There are several degrees of assault and homicide. As the judge said, a one-time event, with an understandable (not excusable) trigger should be treated very differently from one where the offender has a history of violence, the victim is isolated, or the injuries are serious.

      Indeed, part of why the more serious don’t get the time and attention they deserve is that the system is clogged trying to take EVERY case seriously. If low-level cases were cleared by diversion and counseling for both parties, all victims would be better served.

    2. Jennie

      I find Judge Lester’s view of domestic violence very disturbing to say the least. I also wonder what connections he and Mr. Omara have. With that kind of perspective,I’m not too sure if he’s the right person to be on this case.

    3. Linda Marie Sacks

      Thank you to the Florida Center for Investigative Reporting for writing about Judge Kenneth R. Lester. His contentious view of domestic violence in the Kelly Cohen child custody visitation scandal case and his remarks during the bond hearing for the George Zimmerman murder case of Trayvon Martin rasies serious concerns for local, state and national adocates and advocacy groups who address domestic violence.

      For Judge Lester to minimize credible evidence of domestic violence in these 2 high profile cases is a concern. According to court records in the Cohen case, Lester gave Sole physical custody to the father, knowing the Mother had obtained a Final Injunction for Protection against Domestic Violence with Minor Children.

      The American Bar Assocaition ABA states that batterers ask for sole custody and are succesful in 70% of challenged cases.

      I wish Judge Lester would get a copy of the book Domestic Violence, Abuse and Child Custody Legal Stategies and Policy Issues by Mo Therese Hannah, Ph.D. and Barry Goldstein, J.D. by Civic Research Institute.

      Our hearts and prayers go out to the Trayvon Martin family.Thank you to all of the people who helped to shed light on what happend to Trayvon and demanded justice.

      FCIR please continue to look at this judge and explore the case file into the Kelly Cohen case, and one day justice will prevail for this family.

      Linda Marie Sacks
      FL NOW Co-Chair Child Custody and Family Court Committee

    4. Aurini

      Linda and Marie, you sicken me; your prevarications serve to increase violence, and target innocent men with your well funded (tax payer supported) legal machine.

      70% of Domestic Violence is initated by women, but when the man defends himself he is usually the one prosecuted (primary aggressor laws which target the larger party, even if they’re the victim). A borderline woman who ceaselessly acts out, and hits, and screams, and threatens – who drives her boyfriend to slap her one time – is not a victim.

      She’s an abuser.

      But you two don’t care about men, do you? Just lock us all up and steal our money.


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